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南瓜子

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   nanguazi,bieming:beiguazi、woguazi、nanguazi,weihulukenanguashuzhiwunanguadezhongzi。qiujicaizhaichengshuguoshi,quchuzhongzi,xijingshaigan。

目录

南瓜子的功效与作用编辑本段回目录

南瓜子的功效

金鹰全天飞艇计划  【yaoxiaofenlei】quchongyao

  【xingwei】 《luchuanbencao》:"gan,ping。"

  【guijing】guiwei、dachangjing。

  【gongnengzhuzhi】 zhitaochong,huichong,chanhoushouzufuzhong,bairike,zhichuang。

  1.《xiandaishiyongzhongyao》:"quchutaochong。"

  2.《anhuiyaocai》:"nengshahuichong。"

金鹰全天飞艇计划  3.《yaozhitujian》:"chaohoujianfu,zhichanhoushouzufuzhong,tangshibing。"

金鹰全天飞艇计划  【yongfayongliang】 neifu:jiantang,1~2liang;yanmohuozhichengruji。waiyong:jianshuixunxi。



 

南瓜子南瓜子


 

南瓜子的作用

  1.shamierentineijishengchong

  nanguazijuyouhenhaodeshamiexuexichongyouchongdezuoyong,duiyuyijingchengshudechengchong,yenengshiqibianxinghechongshujianshao.duiyuxuexichongbingyeyouyidingdezhiliaozuoyong;nanguaziyeshiyouxiaodequtaochongji,qiemeiyouduxingherenhefuzuoyong,duinaochongbing、taochongbing、gouchongbingdenghuanzhejunyoumingxiandexiaoguo。

  2.fangzhiqianliexianji

  meiguoyanjiufaxian,meitianchishang50kezuoyoudenanguazi,keyouxiaodifangzhiqianliexianjibing,zheishiyouyuqianliexiandefenmijisugongnengyaoyikaozhifangsuan,ernanguazijiufuhanzhifangsuan,keshiliexianbaochilianghaogongneng;suohandehuoxingchengfenkexiaochuqianliexianyanchuqidezhongzhang,tongshihaiyouyufangqianliexianaidezuoyong;

  3.huanjiejingzhixingxinjiaotong

  nanguazihanyoufengfudefansuan,zheizhongwuzhikeyihuanjiejingzhixingxinjiaotong,bingyoujiangyadezuoyong。

  4.zhichanbeigongzufuzhong、tangniaobing

  ju《yaozhitujian》jilu:chaohoujianfu,kezhichanbeigongzufuzhong、tangniaobing。



 

南瓜子南瓜子


 

附方

  1.quchutaochong:㈠xinxiannanguazirenyizhierliang,yanlan,jiashuizhichengruji,jiabingtanghuofengmikongfudunfu;huoyizhongziyayouqufushiwuzhisanshidi。(《zhongyaodeyaoliyuyingyong》)

金鹰全天飞艇计划  ㈡nanguazi、shiliugenpigeyiliang,rifusanci,lianfuerri。(《sichuanzhongyaozhi》)

金鹰全天飞艇计划  2.zhihuichong:nanguazi(quqiaoliuren)yizhierliang。yansui,jiakaishui、mihuotangchengweihuzhuang,kongxinfu。(《mindongbencao》)

  3.zhixuexichongbing:nanguazi,chaohuang、nianximo。meirifuerliang,fenerci,jiabaitangkaishuichongfu。yishiwuriweiyiliaocheng。(《yanfangxuanji》)

  4.zhibairike:nanguazhongzi,washangzhijiao,yanxifen。chishatangtangdiaofushaoxu,yirishuhui。(《jiangxizhongyiyao》(8):20,1953)

  5.zhixiaoeryanhoutong:nanguazi(buyongshuixi,shaigan),yongbingtangjiantang。meitianfuer、sanqian。(《guoyidaobao》3(1):53,1941)

  6.zhiyingyangbuliang,mianseweihuang:nanguazi、huashengren、hutaorentongfu。(《sichuanzhongyaozhi》)

金鹰全天飞艇计划  7.zhineizhi:nanguazierjin,jianshuixunzhi。meirierci,lianxunshutian。(《lingnancaoyaozhi》)

  8.治疗血吸虫病
  临床试用南瓜子仁治疗血吸虫病,具有一定疗效。治后大便复查,部分患者转为阴性。尤其对急性病例具有良好的退热作用,据73例观察,服药1~5天体温即开始下降者占89%,在6~14天开始退热的占11%,体温降至正常时间为服药后6~34天;疗程结束后部分病例的肝脾肿大、血象、肝功能、心电图等变化均有不同程度的改善。而慢性病例的病情则无明显改变。常用制剂:㈠去油粉剂:每日全量240~300克,10岁以下儿童服半量,10~16岁服160~200克。㈡水浸膏:每毫升相当于生南瓜子仁4克。急性病例每日用180毫升,慢性病例每扫服60毫升。儿童剂量按去油粉剂推算。均以30天为一疗程。副作用:服药初期可能有腹泻、恶心、食欲减退等反应,均较轻微,不久即消失。浸膏反应较粉剂为轻。治疗中有3例晚期病人服药后黄疸指数上升,停药后2例下降,1例仍继续上升而发生肝性昏迷。故对晚期病例应慎重使用。

  9.治疗绦虫病
  南瓜子配合槟榔应用。详见"槟榔"条。

  10.治疗蛔虫病
金鹰全天飞艇计划  南瓜子煎服或炒熟吃。儿童一般每次用1~2两,于早晨空腹时服。观察5~13岁粪检阳性患儿56例,服药后1~2天共51例排出蛔虫;第5~10天48例复查大便,有33例转为阴性。

  11.治疗产后缺乳
  每次用生南瓜子5~6钱,去壳取仁,用纱布包裹捣成泥状,加开水适量和服(亦可加入少许豆油或食糖搅拌),早晚空腹各服1次。一般连服3~5天即可见效。如将瓜子仁炒热吃或煮粥吃则无效。

  12.xuexichongbing:nanguazi,chaohuang、nianximo。meirifu60g,fenerci,jiabaitang,kaishuichongfu。yishiwuriweiyiliaocheng。(《yanfangxuanji》)

  13.chanhoushoujiaofuzhong,tangniaobing:nanguazi30g。chaoshu,shuijianfu。(《shiwuzhongyaoyubianfang》)

现代研究编辑本段回目录

化学成份

  种子含油16.4%,其中主要脂肪酸为亚油酸(linoleic acid),油酸(oleic acid),棕榈酸(palmitic acid)及硬脂酸(stearic acid)[1-3],还有亚麻酸(linolenic acid),肉豆蔻酸(myristic acid)[2]。还含类脂成分,内有三酰甘油(triglyceride),三酰甘油(diglyceride),单酰胆碱(pholphatidyl choline),磷酯酰已醇胺(phosphatidylethanolamine),磷脂酰丝氨酸(phos-phatidylsetine),脑苷脂(cetebroside)[1-3]等。脱脂的种中分得有效成分:南瓜子氨酸(cerebroside)[5-6].

药理作用

  1.quchongzuoyong:

金鹰全天飞艇计划  qiuyinshiyanfazhengmingnanguaziyichuntiquwuyouquchongzuoyong。maoyongnanguazinongsuozhiji100-300mg/kgyiciguanwei,duitaochong、gonghuichongdengyoumingxianquchongzuoyong。40%nanguazifenzhuyehe30%guazitiquwuzaitiwaiduiniuroutaochonghuozhuroutaochongdezhongduanjihouduandouyoumabizuoyong,shizhibianbobiankuan,jiepianzhongbuaoxian(zhongduanjiepianyouqimingxian),erduiqitoujilaichengshujiepianzewucizuoyong。cengyonghechengdedl-nanguaziansuansiweiquanjixiaoshu,duiquanbaonangdaichong、douzhuangdaichongjixiaoshuduanmoqiaotaochongjieyouxiao;tiwaishiyanzhengming,1∶500rongyeshiquantaochongmingxianxingfen,shenzhiluansuo,bingyuqingxiusuanbinlangjianyouxietongzuoyong。

  2.kangribenxuexichongzuoyong:

  nanguaziyouezhiribenxuexichongzaidongwutineixiangganzangyixingdezuoyong。zaixiaobaishuganranxuexichongweiaodetongshi,jifunanguazigong28tian,youyufangzuoyong;danduichengchongwushamiezuoyong。jiezhongxuexichongweiyoudejiazhu,meitianweiquqiaoquyounanguazifen,yufangxiaoguoyuxiaoshushiyanjieguojibenxiangfang。xiaoshushiyanzhengming,koufunanguazinengyizhiheshamietineiribenxuexichongyouchong,duicichongzuoyonggengqiang;danduixuexichongchengchongwushamiezuoyong,zhizaifuyao1zhouhou(meitian3g),kaishifashengxingtaishangdetuixingxingbianhua。maoqiaonanguazicucu-rtitamoschatavar. melonaeformis yufangzuoyongdayuguangqiaonanguazi c. moschatavar.toonas。xinxiannanguaziyu1nianchenjiudenanguazideyufangxiaoguoxiangtong。butongchandidenanguazijunnengyizhixuexichongzaixiaoshutineideshengzhang,danzuoyongqiangruoyousuobutong,xuzhousuochandegongxiaojiaoweixianzhe。nanguazijiangfenyushengnanguazirentongyangyouyizhiheshamiexuexichongyouchongdezuoyong。gaiyongfajiaofazhizuodejiangfenyeyoutongyangyufangxiaoguo。yongjiujingchendiandengsizhongfangfakeyifenlinanguazirendeyouxiaochengfen,fangzhixuexichongdeyouxiaochengfenweiyizhongshuirongxingwuzhi,jinanguaziansuan。nanguaziduiyouchongdeyizhizuoyongzhuyaozaixingfayuqiqian;zaisuzhuganneinengshamiebufenyouchong,biaoxianweiyanxingfanyingjichongtidetuihuaxingbianhua。nanguaziansuanbunengshamiechengchong,dannengshichongtiweisuo,shengzhiqiguantuihua,hezigongneichongluanjianshao。

  3.qitazuoyong:

  xiaoshuyinanguazinongsuozhiji2-10g/kgguanwei,bingwuduxing,dankoufu4g,duigan、fei、shendengkechanshengzanshixingbinglisunhai,shiganneitangyuanjianshaohezhifangzengjia。nanguaziansuanshiganxibaochengqingduweisuo,ganneiyoushaoliangzhifangjinrun,tingyaohouzexunsuhuifuzhengchang。ganranxuexichongdetuweifunanguazihou,qingzhuananmeihedanjianzhimeidengyousuobianhua,dan3zhouhoujiepoutuganbingbianjiqing,tineichongshuweijian,kenengyintubuaishinanguazi,yujieyouguan'。yidaliangnanguaziansuanjixiaoshukoufuhuofuqiangzhushe,keshidongwuxingfenkuangzao,ertuhemaozekenengbiaoxiananjing;dannengshituxueyashenggaohehuxijiakuai;duilitituchangyouyizhizuoyong。

南瓜子的营养价值及成分编辑本段回目录

营养价值

  hanfengfudezhifangyou(weiyamarenyousuan、yousuandengdeganyouzhi)、danbaizhi、huluobusu、weishengsub1、b2、c,nanguaziansuandengchengfen。duitaochong,huichongyoumingxiandequchongzuoyong,duiniuroutaochonghuozhuroutaochongdezhongduanjihouduandouyoumabizuoyong。

营养成分表

      
热量(大卡)566
蛋白质(克)33.2
不饱和脂肪酸(克)36.3
碳水化合物(克)4.9
膳食纤维(克)4.9
维生素B1(毫克)0.23
维生素B2(毫克)0.09
烟酸(毫克)1.8
叶酸(微克)143.5
维生素E(毫克)13.25
钙(毫克)16
磷(毫克)1159
钾(毫克)102
钠(毫克)20.6
  

镁(毫克)2
铁(毫克)1.5
锌(毫克)2.57
硒(微克)2.78
铜(毫克)1.11
锰(毫克)0.64

男人吃南瓜子编辑本段回目录

金鹰全天飞艇计划  nanguazhonghanyoufengfudexin,canyurentineihesuan、danbaizhidehecheng,shishenshangxianpizhijisudeguyouchengfen,weirentishengzhangfayudezhongyaowuzhi。 shengnanguazinenghuanjieqianliexianyanzhengzhuang。manxingqianliexianyanshiyizhongbijiaowangudenanxingjibing。danbingfeiwuyaokezhi。nanguazijialian、xiaoyanqiefuyonganquan,zhidemanxingqianliexianyan(huozengsheng)huanzheshiyong,danqiyuanqiliaoxiaoshangxujinyibuyanzheng。

女人吃南瓜子

金鹰全天飞艇计划  yinweinanguazineihanyouhenduoweiliangyuansu,nanguazizhonghanyoufengfudexin,xinyuansubudankeyicujingaowanjisudefenmi,haikeyizengjiajingzishuliang,jingchangshiyongnanguazikeyicijifunvxingyu,tigaoxingnenglideshengzhinengli,keweishifunvde“weige”。rentiquexinhuidaozhipifuxunsushengzhouwen,shiyongnanguaziyoumeirongdexiaoguo。nanguazihainengtigaojingzidezhiliang,duibuyunbuyuyouyidingdezuoyong。nanguazihaiyouyufanghegaishanqianliexianjibing、diaojiexuetang,nanguazisuohandegaohanliangyayousuan,nenggouyouxiaodijiangdixuetang,shitangniaobinghuanzhedeliangyao。nanguaziyouzhonghanyou60%yishangdebubaohezhifangsuanyuzhiwuxingdanbai,diaojiexuedanguchun、ganyousanzhishuiping、fangzhidongmaiyinghua。

南瓜子的食用方法编辑本段回目录

金鹰全天飞艇计划  nanguazizuijiandandejiushijiashangyidiandanyanshui,ranhoumenghuochaozhi,daonanguaziwaiqiaosucui,jiukeyile。ranhoujiuxiangchiguazineiyangxiangyongba。ernanguaziyenengxiangxingrendengjianguoyiyang,luobingdeshihoujiayidianjinqu,hekafeideshihoujiayidianmojinqu,shaladeshihouyekeyidangzhimayiyangtiwei,fanzhengchuangyiduoduo,meiweiduoduo。

  吃南瓜子最好用手剥着吃,不要用牙嗑,如果用牙嗑,大量唾液会粘在瓜子皮上而丢失。唾液除了具有湿润与溶解食物,使之易于吞咽,以及清洁和保护口腔的作用外,还有滋养肾精之功。因此,要少用牙齿嗑瓜子。上了年纪容易牙龈萎缩,常吃南瓜子可以改变这一现象。

南瓜子的食用方法南瓜子的食用方法


  南瓜子仁富含对牙龈和牙槽骨非常重要的两大类营养物质。一是含有大量的磷,每100克南瓜子仁含磷1159毫克,老年人牙槽骨萎缩与磷流失有关;二是富含胡萝卜素和维生素E,这两种物质能够直接滋养牙龈,预防牙龈萎缩。

  shiyongshizuihaojiangnanguaziyanmochengfenmoshiyong,meirichiyixiaoshaoyue30ke,xiaoguogengjia。lingwai,nanguazihaishifujiashiwu。fujiashiwunengzhunintuibujiroushenzhanbingyufangtuibuchoujin。

  chinanguazizuihaoyongshoubozhechi,buyaoyongyake,ruguoyongyake,daliangtuoyehuizhanzaiguazipishangerdiushi。tuoyechulejuyoushirunyurongjieshiwu,shizhiyiyutunyan,yijiqingjiehebaohukouqiangdezuoyongwai,haiyouziyangshenjingzhigong。yinci,yaoshaoyongyachikeguazi。

南瓜子副作用编辑本段回目录

金鹰全天飞艇计划   birunanguazilimianyoufengfudezhifang,suoyichiduole,rongyishirenfapang;erqienanguaziyouxiaodu,huiyingxiangganzanggongneng。yinweinanguazichiduolezhihou,huiyouexindeganjue,neishiyinweinanguazitaiyounile,nideganchibuxiao。suoyihuanyoumanxingganyan、zhifanggandehuanzhelaishuo,buyishiyongnanguazi。

南瓜子图片编辑本段回目录

    
  

南瓜子1南瓜子1

 

南瓜子2南瓜子2

 
  

南瓜子3南瓜子3

  

南瓜子4南瓜子4

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