金鹰全天飞艇计划

中药一号网 >>所属分类 >> 根茎类中药材    消食类中药材    补益类中药材    药食同源中药   

山药

编辑词条

  山药是薯蓣科植物薯蓣的干燥根茎。常见如“淮山药”和“怀山药”,“铁棍山药'。既可食用又可入药。有补脾养胃,生津益肺,补肾涩精的功效与作用。

山药山药


目录

山药的功效与作用编辑本段回目录

  性味归经

金鹰全天飞艇计划  weigan,xingping;guifei、pi、shenjing。

营养价值

  hanyoudaliangdianfenjidanbaizhi、bzuweishengsu、weishengsuc、weishengsue、putaotangdengyingyangchengfen。weiliangyuansuyouqishijiahanliangjiaogao,haihandianfentanghuamei、dianfenmeidengduozhongxiaohuamei。weishengsuhanliangjiaoshao,jihubuhanhuluobusu。

  山药的功效

金鹰全天飞艇计划  zishenyijing,yifeizhike,jiangdixuetang,jianpiyiwei、zhuxiaohua,gushenyijing,congermingmu,yannianyishou,zhuzhipiweixuruo、juandaiwuli、shiyubuzhen、tanchuankesou、yaoxisuanruandengzheng。

  shanyaoyoumingshuyu,xingweiganping,weise;jianzoupi、fei、shensanjing。qiyou“pingbusanjiaoqiyin”zhicheng,qieyoubusejianbeizhitedian。zaozai《shennongbencaojing》zhongjiujizai:shanyaoneng“buzhong,yiqili,zhangjirou。jiufuermucongming,qingshenbujiyannian。”lishizhenzai《bencaogangmu》yicheng:qineng“yishenqi,jianpiwei,zhixieli,huatanxian,runpimao。”

  qiruyaodechangyongpinzhongyou“huaishanyao”he“huaishanyao”zhifen。qianzhechanyuhenan,beishiwei“daodiyaocai,houzhezhuchanyujiangxidengdi,weitongyongyaocai。

  山药的作用

       1.滋补健身,延缓衰老

金鹰全天飞艇计划  guoneiwaiyanjiuzhengshi:shanyaonengcujindanaofenmituoqingbiaoxiongtong。fuyongtuoqingbiaoxiongtong,keshishuimiangaishan,xinqingyukuai,chongmanhuoli,xiandenianqing,shirenweikouhaodeng,huodejianshenqiangti,yanhuanshuailaodexiaoguo。

  shanyaojuyouzibuxibao、qianghuaneifenmi、buyiqiangzhuang、zengqiangjitizaoxuegongnengdengzuoyong,keyoushengganraosu,gaishanjitimianyigongneng,tigaokangbingnenglideng,duiyanhuanshuailaojinchengyouzhezhongyaozuoyong。

  shanyaofuhanduirentiyouyideweiliangyuansu,juyouyangxue、bunao、yishen、kangshuailaodenggongneng。

 2.收涩固肠止泻

  shanyaoweigan,buerbuni,xiangerbuzao,zhiliaopixufuxiexiaoguohao。shanyaoshihuanhezibuqiangzhuangyao,jianpiyiweikuanchang,duiweichanggongnengjiantuidejiuxieyoujiaohaodeliaoxiao。

  shanyaonengziyinyounenglishi,nengrunhuayounengshouse。nengzhiliaodabiantangxie,shiyinweiqiyoulixiaobiandegongneng,xiaobianli,shishuifencongbangguangpaichu,jianshaolechangdaoneideshuifen,suoyijianshaoletangxiedezhengzhuang。

  shanyaojianpiyiweikuanchangernengzhixie,yinweishanyaokepingbupiqi,jiaqianglebuqiyunpizhigong,gunengzhidabian。

  3.防治动脉硬化的冠心病

金鹰全天飞艇计划  shanyaoshifangzhidongmaiyinghuaheguanxinbingdelixiangshipinzhiyi,qiyuanyinruxia:

  ①.shanyaonenggongjirentidaliangdezhanyedanbai。zheishizhongduotangdanbaidehunhewu,duirentiyouteshudebaojianzuoyong,nengyufangxinxueguanxitongdezhifangchenji,bimianchuxianguodufeipang。

  ②.shanyaohanyoudedianfenmei,nengfenjiechengweichirentishengmingdezhongyaowuzhidanbaizhihetanglei,nengjianfeiqingshen。shanyaosuohandeguzaichun,youjiangdixuedanguchundezuoyong,duifangzhiguanxinbing、gaodanguchunxuezhengyouyidingliaoxiao。

金鹰全天飞艇计划  ③.shanyaohanyoufengfudexianweisu,takeyijiangdidanguchun。yinweishanshixianweikesuoduanshiwutongguoxiaochangdeshijian,congerjianshaodanguchundexishou,youliyudanguchunzhuanbianweidansuanjidanzhisuanerpaichutiwai,bimianlexuedanguchundehanliangzenggao,jianshaoleduoyudedanguchunhezhifangchenjizaixueguanbishangdejihui。

  ④.shanyaozhongsuohandezhanyezhi、dianfenmei、anjisuan、weiliangyuansu、weishengsudeng20yuzhongyingyangsu,juyouduikangdongmaiyinghua、gaishanxinjigongxuedegongneng。

金鹰全天飞艇计划  ⑤.shanyaodezhongyaochengfenzhiyi――duobaan,juyoukuozhangxueguan、gaishanxueyexunhuandegongneng,gaichengfenzaixunhuanshuaijiedejiuzhizhongzhanyouzhongyaodiwei

金鹰全天飞艇计划  ⑥.shanyaoyoudiaojieneifenmi、buqitongmaizuoyong,nenggaishanguanzhuangdongmaijiweixunhuanxueliu,zhiliaoguanxinbing、xinjiaotongdeng。

  4.益智健脑

  shanyaoyingyangfengfu,hanyoudianfen、danbaizhi、zhanyezhidengduozhongyingyangsu,tebieshisuohandedianfenmeiyoushuijiedianfenweiputaotangdezuoyong,zhijieweidanaotigongrenengyou,duijiannaoyouzhongyaozuoyong。

  shanyaozhonghanyoufengfudedanjianheluanlinzhi,youzhuyutigaorendedanaodejiyili。shanyaoyingyangfengfu,juyouzengqiangshenjingxibaohuoxing,buxinqi、anxinshen、zhijianwang、yangxinyizhi,zengqiangjiyigongneng。

  5.补虚降血糖,治疗糖尿病

金鹰全天飞艇计划  shanyaoshibuxushangpin,duizhiliaotangniaobingyoujiaohaoliaoxiao,qiyuanyinruxia:

  ①.shanyaoxingweipinghe,buhanbuzao,kechongwuzang,weizhixuzhengyaoyao。ertangniaobingzhuyaoshiyinxuzaoresuozhi,yinxuzaorexiaoke,keshishanyao,youyiyinxiaoguo,suoyishanyaokezhiliaotangniaobing。

  ②.shanyaozhongsuohandetangdanbai,zaitineishuijieweidanbaizhihetanglei,youjiangdixuetangdezuoyong。shanyaosuohandedianfenmeijuyoubangzhushiwuxiaohua、shuijiedianfenweiputaotangdezuoyong。yinci,duitangniaobingyouyidingliaoxiao,qieweichangxuruozheyekeshiyong。

  ③.shanyaojinengbuqi,younengyangyin,buerbuzhi,yangerbuni,bupiqieryiweiyin,weipingbupiweiyaoyao,shiyongyutangniaobinghuanzhezhangqishiyong,duiqingxingtangniaobingyouxianzhuliaoxiao。

 6.益气补气,止咳定喘

金鹰全天飞艇计划  shanyaojuyoubufeiyiqi、yangyinzhike、diaofeihuatandegongxiao,kezhiliaofeixuqiyinbuzu、qiduanjiuke、xuchuandeng。shanyaojuyouyingyangzibu、youshengganraosu、zengqiangjitimianyili、diaojieneifenmi、zhenkequtan、pingchuandengzuoyong,keyizhiliaomanxingqiguanyan。

 7.减肥美容,护肤养颜

金鹰全天飞艇计划  zuoweigaoyingyangshipin,shanyaozhonghanyoudaliangdianfenjidanbaizhi、bzuweishengsu、weishengsuc、weishengsue、putaotang、cudanbaianjisuan、danzhijian(choline)、niaonangsu(allantoin)deng。qizhongzhongyaodeyingyangchengfenshuyuzao,shihechengnvxingheermengdexianquwuzhi,youziyinbuyang、zengqiangxinchendaixiedegongxiao。shanyaozhongdeduobaan,juyoukuozhangxueguan,gaishanxueyexunhuandegongneng。gaishanrentixiaohuagongneng,zengqiangtizhi,gaishanpifudezirunganheseze。shanyaoduiyummmeneryan,gengshiyizhongtianrandexiantimeishi。tahanyouzugoudexianwei,shiyonghoujiuhuichanshengbaozhanggan,congerkongzhijinshiyuwang。qici,shanyaobenshenjiushiyizhonggaoyingyang、direliangdeshipin,keyifangxindiduojiashiyongerbuhuiyoufapangdehouguzhiyou。shanyaoduiyummmeneryan,gengshiyizhongtianrandexiantimeishi。tahanyouzugoudexianwei,shiyonghoujiuhuichanshengbaozhanggan,congerkongzhijinshiyuwang。qici,shanyaobenshenjiushiyizhonggaoyingyang、direliangdeshipin,keyifangxindiduojiashiyongerbuhuiyoufapangdehouguzhiyou。

  dangran,shanyaodejianfeimeironghufuyangyanbudanshiduimmmenhenyouyong,erqieduizhonglaoniandenannvpengyouyedouyoutongyangdezuoyong,zhonglaonianrenjingchangshiyongshanyaokeyishizijixiandenianqing,shipifuhongrunguangze,huanfaqingchunrongyan。duiyuyulinpifubinghuanzhe,zhangqichishanyao,keyishipifubiandebaixiguanghuarunze。

8.填精固肾,增强性功能

  shanyaopingbufei、pi、shen、sanjiaoqiyin,tianjinggushen,sejingzhiyi,shiqixueshenghuayouyuan,shiqiyinbuzu、xiajiaobuzuzhiyaoyao,duishenxumengyi、huajing、zaoxie、yangweiyoujiaohaodeliaoxiao。duiyuzhonglaonianrenyouyushenxuyinqidexinggongnengxiajiangyoujiaohaodeliaoxiao。

9.填精固肾,治疗小便频数

金鹰全天飞艇计划  rendaolaonianhou,xiaobianpinshudexianxiangshifenpubian,tebieshiyeniaopinduo,zheizhuyaoshilaonianrenshenqibugu、shenyangshuaituideyuangu。yanzhongdeniaopinjilaonianrenzaochengjidayoutongku,yingxiangzhelaonianrendeshenghuohejiankang。erjingchangshiyongshanyao,zenengtianjinggushen,duizhiliaoniaopinyouxianzhudeliaoxiao。niaopinheniaozhuliuyouhendadeguanxi,laoshijuedeniaobujing,gangniaoleyicijiezhejiuyouxiangniao,ershanyaobudannengtianjinggushen,erqiehaiyouliniaozuoyong,keyiyouxiaokefuniaozhuliuzhengzhuang,congerdadaozhiliaoniaopindexiaoguo。

10.富含有机锗,治疗癌症

金鹰全天飞艇计划  shanyaofuhanxuduoduirentiyouyideweiliangyuansu,tebieshifuhanyoujizhe,zaizheyuansujuyoukangaizuoyong。shanyaoyouwenbuerbuzhou、weixiangbuzaodetedian,suoyihenshiheaizhenghuanzheshiliao。

 11.增强人体消化吸收功能,治疗食欲不振消化不良

  shanyaonengjianpiyiwei,shipiweijianyun,zengqiangrentidexiaohua、xishougongneng,zengjinshiyu,zengqiangtizhi,duishiyubuzhen、xiaoeryanshi、xiaohuabuliangyouhenhaodeliaoxiao。

  12.软坚散结,治疗赤肿硬结、结核坚硬不溃等症

  shanyaodaoniwaifuyouruanjiansanjiezuoyong,zhiliaochizhongyingjie、jiehejianyingbukuidengzheng。erqieduiyuruxianyan、rufangzhongtong、jiezhong、dongchuangdengyanxingbingzhengjunyoujiaohaodeliaoxiao。

13.增强骨质,治疗软骨病

  shanyaozhongdezhanyeduotangwuzhiyuwujiyanjiehehou,keyixingchengguzhi,shiruangujuyouyidingdedanxing,suoyiduiruangubingyouyidingdeliaoxiao。

14.防止结缔组织萎缩为,预防胶原病发生

金鹰全天飞艇计划  shanyaonengfangzhiganzangheshenzangzhongdejiedizuzhiweisuo,keyiyufangjiaoyuanbingfasheng,baochixiaohuadao、huxidao、jiguanjieqiangderunhua。

 15.补中益气,可使人耳目聪明

  shanyaoyangzhongyiqili,zhangjirou,qiangyin,changchishanyaokeyishirenermucongming,qingshenbuji,yannianyishou。

金鹰全天飞艇计划  zongzhi,shanyaokeshikeyao,yaoyongjiazhihengao,chushangshu15dagongxiaowai,haikeyifangzhiganmao、xuanyun、shimian、kuiyangbing、shenyan、xiaoerganji、daixiabing、yangwei、baizhuodeng,linchuangyingyongkeyizhiliao200yuzhongjibing,erqieyeshiyizhonghenyoufazhanqiantu、feichanglixiangdebaojianshiwu。

应用选方编辑本段回目录

  脾虚腹泻(包括慢性肠炎,消化及吸收不良)
  山药半斤,莲子、芡实各120克,共研细粉。每次以2~3调匙,加白糖适量,蒸熟作点心吃,每日l~2次,连续服用,有效。
  人参山药芡实汤- 主治 -遗精
  鸡皮糙山药,芡实,麦冬各15克,人参10克,五味子3克,水煎取汁,每日一剂,分2次服。益气养心,健脾固涩。适用于遗精。
  糖尿病,口渴,尿多,善饥
  山药15克,黄连6克,水煎服。或山药、天花粉等量,每日30克,水煎分服。
  冻疮,丹毒,痈疽肿毒初起
  鲜山药捣烂涂敷于患部,干即更换,数次即消。(或加蓖麻子仁数粒一同捣烂外敷更好)。
  咳嗽痰喘(包括慢性气管炎,老人慢性支气管炎)
  鲜山药捣烂,与甘蔗汁半杯和匀,炖热服之,一日z次。
  项后结块,赤肿硬痛(包括淋巴结炎肿、项背痈疽等)
  鲜山药一段(去皮),蓖麻子2~3粒(去壳),同捣烂研细和匀,贴于患部,一日更换2次
  肾虚梦遗,脾虚便涪,老年阳虚,小便频数
  山药零余子(山药藤上所结的珠牙)30~60克,煮熟去皮,加白糖少许,临睡前服之,胜如山药。
  肺病发热咳喘,自汗,心悸,便溏
  山药60~120克,煮汁饮服,或每日适量煮食之

山药的食用方法编辑本段回目录

  相克相宜

  bukeyujianxingyaowutongfu。yuyaroutongshikejiangdidanguchun。

  适宜对象

金鹰全天飞艇计划  shiyitangniaobing、manxingshenyanhuanzhejifuzhang、binghouxuruo、zhangqifuxiezhe。youshousezuoyong,dabianzaojiezhebuyishiyong。

  食疗处方

  shanyaozhengshu,bopiqiexiaokuai,nuomixijingaozhou,zhouchenghoufangshanyaokuaishaozhujicheng。jianpibufei,gushenzhixie,shiyongyupiweixuruo、shishaojuandai、xulaokesoudengzheng。

  推荐菜谱

  1、山药排骨汤

金鹰全天飞艇计划  yuanliao:shanyao、paigu。

  zhifa:①paiguanxijing,fangrugunshuizhongcuantang,quchuxueshui,laochu;shanyaoqupi,qie3limidakuai。②guozhongdaoru5~6beishui,fangrutanghaodepaigu,zhonghuozhuyue40fenzhong,jiarushanyao。③yizhonghuoxuzhu10~20fenzhongzhishanyaoshu,jiayandiaoyunjike。

  gongxiao:jianpikaiwei、buchongtili,zengqiangshentidedikangli。

  2、月圆绿意浓(山药青椒片)
  材料:山药、青辣椒、蒜等。
  制作:1、山药去皮,洗净,切成圆片,
  2、青椒洗净去蒂,切成长的尖斜片。
  3、蒜切成薄片。
  3、在热油锅中加入花椒几粒,倒入山药片,翻炒一两分钟,加适量醋,再继续翻炒两分钟左右,加入青辣椒片、蒜片,放适量盐,翻炒均匀,即可出锅盛盘。
金鹰全天飞艇计划  色香味:山药片白如润如圆月,青椒片鲜润浓绿,口感清爽,适合口味喜清淡者食用。

  3、彩蝶共舞(山药青红椒炒木耳)
  美食要有美名,此菜以山药为主料,配以鲜嫩的青辣椒、红辣椒(或胡萝卜)、黑木耳等炒制。

  制作:1、山药去皮,洗净,切成菱形片。
  2、青、红辣椒洗净去蒂,切成菱形片。
  3木耳用温开水发泡。
  4在热油锅中加入几粒花椒、葱花煸炒,倒入山药片,加适量醋,继续翻炒两三分钟,加入青、红辣椒片、木耳、蒜片、盐等,翻炒均匀,即可出锅盛盘。

  4、明月挂绿枝(香菜山药片)
  材料:香菜、山药
  制作:1、香菜洗净,正枝铺在盘中。
  2、山药去皮,洗净后切成圆片。
  3、在热油锅中加入花椒、山药片翻炒两三分钟,加醋、盐,拌匀后盛在盘中,上片再铺几枝香菜。
  色香味:绿枝扶疏中,白色圆月状山药片挂在枝间,味道清香可口。

  5、五彩缤纷(炒山药西芹胡萝卜丁)
  材料:山药、西芹、胡萝卜、黑木耳、蒜等
  制作:1、山药、胡萝卜去皮洗净切成丁。
  2、西芹去叶切成丁。
  3、蒜切成丁。
  4、黑木耳用温水发泡,切成小些的片。
  5、热油锅中加入花椒炸出香味,加入山药、胡萝卜、西芹丁,翻炒两三分钟,加木耳、蒜丁、醋、盐,再翻炒一两分钟,即可出锅盛盘。
  色香味:山药丁白、胡萝卜丁红黄,西芹丁绿,木耳片黑,红黄白绿黑,五彩缤纷。味道清爽,脆嫩。
 
用法用量

金鹰全天飞艇计划  shanyaogongnengbupiyangwei,shengjinyifei,bushensejing。gufanfei、pi、shensanzangsuojiandeqiyinliangxuzhizhengjiekeyong。ranqixingpinggonghuan,yongshibiyiliangdajiufuweiyi。tongchang,ganpinruyaojianfudejiliangwei15~30g;ruodanyaodujinjiliangkezhi60~120g,xianpingengyijiabei。ruojiangganpinfumiaohoukezengqiangbupizhixiezuoyong。

注意事项编辑本段回目录

金鹰全天飞艇计划  benpinsuiyouganpingwudu,keshikeyaodengtedian,neifuyibanwudufuzuoyong。danqibijingyoushousezhixing,gufanshizhengzhehuobianmibutongzhejunyijiyong。

山药的图片编辑本段回目录

 

    
  
山药山药
  
山药山药
  
山药山药
  
山药山药
  
山药山药
  
山药山药

附件列表


→如果您认为本词条还有待完善,请 编辑词条

上一篇灵芝 下一篇山慈菇

声明:中药一号网登载此文出于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其描述。 文章内容仅供参考,切勿模仿及使用,具体治疗及选购请咨询医生或相关专业人士,中药一号网将不会对可能引起的任何损失负责!

词条信息

admin
admin
超级管理员
最近编辑者 发短消息   

相关词条