金鹰全天飞艇计划

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南五味子

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       中药材南五味子:藤本,各部无毛。 本品为木兰科植物华中五味子的干燥成熟果实。秋季果实成熟时采摘,晒干,除去果梗及杂质。五味子为名贵常用中药材,功效:活血理气,祛风活络,消肿止痛。用于溃疡病,胃肠炎,中暑腹痛,月经不调,风湿性关节炎,跌打损伤。五味子分南北五味子,“北五味子”简称五味子

目录

南五味子的功效与作用编辑本段回目录

南五味子的功效:

金鹰全天飞艇计划       wuweizizuoweimingguichangyongzhongyaocaijuyouyoujiudelishi,shiyingyongmianjiaoguang、yongliangjiaodadezhongyaocaipinzhong,shishengchanjiannaoanshen、diaojieshenjingyaopinjibaojianpindeshouxuanyaocai。youyutaduirentiduofangmiandeyouyizuoyong,qiliyongfanweiyulaiyuguang,xianyitupoyuanlaideyaoyongfanchou,zainiangjiu、zhiguozhidengfangmianyeyibeiguangfanliyong,beilieweidisandaiguoshu,shiyizhongyingyongjiazhigao、kaifaqianjingshifenguangkuodeyeshengjingjizhiwu。

       【炮制】 南五味子金鹰全天飞艇计划: 除去杂质。用时捣碎。

        醋南五味子: 取净南五味子,照醋蒸法(附录Ⅱ D)蒸至黑色。用时捣碎。表面棕黑色,干瘪,果肉常紧贴种子上,无黏性。种子表面棕色,无光泽。

金鹰全天飞艇计划      【xingwei】 suan、gan,wen。

金鹰全天飞艇计划      【guijing】 guifei、xin、shenjing。

      【gongnengzhuzhi】 shoulianguse,yiqishengjin,bushenningxin。yongyujiusouxuchuan,mengyihuajing,yiniaoniaopin,jiuxiebuzhi,zihan,daohan,jinshangkouke,duanqimaixu,neirexiaoke,xinjishimian。



南五味子南五味子



南五味子的作用:

       1、qianmazhen、pifusaoyangzheng、shizhendeng:yongwuweizidingzhiliao100li,zongyouxiao65li。

       2、病毒性肝炎:用五味子粉或五味子仁制剂(五味子煎剂基本无效)治疗迁延性及慢性传染性肝炎数千例,获得较好疗效。如某空军医院治373例,1月后sGPT316例复常,占84.3%;治急性无黄疸型传染性肝炎347例,19天后331例sGPT复常。又S市中山医院等用五味子粉单方及复方治疗慢性肝炎400例,连用8周,降sGPT总有效率为96%;N市用五味子粉治迁延性、慢性肝炎400例,经2月左右治疗,sGPT复常235例占58%,总有效355例占88%,对症状改善也都有相当疗效,但停药后sGPT反跳率较高。

       3、ganranxingjibing:

金鹰全天飞艇计划       (1)danyongwuweizi(gebiejiazhongcaoyao)meiri60ke,zhiliaojixingniaoluganran27li,fuwan1liaocheng5tianzhe25lijunhuozhiyu。

       (2)yongzhijixingjunli33li(qizhong11lijia1~3cilvmeisuhuo1~4cisihuansu,20lihebingbuye),zhiyu29li,xianxiao3li。

金鹰全天飞艇计划       (3)yongzhizhongduxingxiaohuabuliang21li(heyongbuye14li,jiayonglvmeisu5li),zhiyu20li。

       (4)yongzhiliangxingchangyan10lijunyu,duozai1~4tianretui、dabianyinzhuan。

       4、支气管哮喘:属虚证者常配地黄、山茱萸、胡桃肉等,方如都气丸;属风寒或痰饮者配干姜细辛、麻黄等用,如小青龙汤。在用锑-273治疗血吸虫病时配合五味子粉剂,对肝脏有显著保护,sGPT的增高数单用锑剂组比并用五味子粉剂组远为显著(P>0.01),并用组的各种症状亦显著减轻。此外,还用于气阴不足之失眠、心悸、虚汗、少气等。

       5、用于久嗽虚喘:五味子能上敛肺气,下滋肾阴,对于肺肾两亏所致的久咳虚喘,可以收止咳平喘的效果,常配党参麦冬熟地黄山茱萸等。

       6、yongyujinshaokouke、tiruoduohandengzheng:benpinnengshengjinzhike、guselianhan。changkepeimaidong、shengdi、tianhuafendengyongyuzhijinkouke。youkepeidangcan、lidong、fuxiaomai、mulidengzhitixuduohan,wulunyangxuzihan,yinxudaohan,junnengyingyong。

金鹰全天飞艇计划       7、bimianganzangshousun:yanjiuxianshibenpinduiyuganzangjuyoubaohuzuoyong。zailiyongsilvhuatan(ccl4)rangdongwuzhongdudeshiyanli,wuweizinenggaishanshoushidongwudegangongneng。zheizhongduikangsilvhuatanganduxingdebaohuzuoyong,henkenengshiyinwuweizikeyitigaoganzangfuanjiliu(gsh)nongdu、yijizengjinyufuanjiliuhaiyuanjiaosudehuoxingdeyuangu。

金鹰全天飞艇计划       8、cujinganzangxibaozaisheng:kubodengren(1992)zhichu,wuweizinengcijiganzangbufenqiechuzhidongwudeganzangxibaozaishengnengli。tajieyoucujinniaoansuantuosuo(odc)dehuoxing,cijiganzangxibaozaisheng,zheishiganzangzaishengchuqijieduandeyizhongzhongyaoshenghuahuodong。


北五味子与南五味子的区别编辑本段回目录

       五味子为常用滋补强壮中药,始载于神农本草经。列为上品。其来源于木兰科植物五味子或华中五味子的干燥成熟果实,前者习称“北五味子”,后者习称“南五味子”。两者历史上均以不同来源的同一味药物进行收载和使用。李时珍谓:“五味今有南北之分,南产者色红,北产者色黑,人滋补药必用北产者良”。2000年版药典部将五味子和南五味子分别收载为两个品种。五味子仅指北五味子的干燥成熟果实,规定特征成分为五味子醇甲,其含量不得少于0.4%。南五味子指华中五味子的干燥成熟果实,含总木脂索以五味子酯甲计,不得少于3.0%。由于历史的原因,至今仍有五味子与南五味子不分的情况存在。

1、植物形态

  wuweiziyuhuazhongwuweizijunweiluoyemuzhitengben;youzhihonghese;huadanxing,cixiongyizhu;xiaojiangguoqiuxing,hongse;zhongzishenxing。congyixiatezhengkequfenliangzhe,beiwuweizideyouyebeimianbeiroumao;xiongrui4~5(6)mei,buxingchengrouzhihuatuo;yaoshiwaicexiangkailie;huarubaisehuodanfense。erhuazhongwuweiziyeliangmianwumao;xiongrui9~12mei,zuchengrouzhihuatuo;yaoshineicexiangkailie;huachenghuangse。

2、地理分布

  wuweiziyuhuazhongwuweizizaiwoguofenbujibenyihuangheliuyuweijie,wuweizijizhongzaihuangheliuyuyibei,zhuyaofenbuyudongbei,huabei,baokuoheilongjiang、jilin、liaoning、neimenggu、hebei、shanxi、ningxia、gansu、shandong,qizhongdongbeishiwuweizizuijizhongdiqu。

  nanwumeizijizhongzaihuangheliuyuyinan,zhuyaofenbuyuhuazhong,xinan,baokuoshanxi、shanxi、gansu、shandong、jiangsu、anhui、zhejiang、jiangxi、fujian、henan、hunan、hubei、sichuan、guizhou、yunnan。

3、生药性状

  wuweizi:chengbuguizeqiuxinghuobianqiuxing。zhijing5~8mm。biaomianhongse、zihongsehuoanhongse,zhousuo,xianyourun;youdebiaomianchengheihongsehuochuxian“baishuang”。guorourouruan,zhongzi1~2li,shenxing,biaomianhuangzongse,youguangze,zhongpiboercui。guorouqiwei,weisuan;zhongzifensuihou,youxiangqi,weixin、weiku。

金鹰全天飞艇计划  nanwuweizi:chengqiuxinghuobianqiuxing,zhijing4~6mm。biaomianzonghongsezhianzongse,ganbie,zhousuo,guorouchangjintiezhongzishang。zhongzi1~2,shenxing,biaomianzonghuangse,youguangze,zhongpiboercui。guorouqiwei,weiweisuan。

4、生药组织构造

  wuweiziyunanwuweizideguoshibijiaoxiangsi,erzhongzidezhongpishixibaojizhongpixiashixibaodexingzhuang、daxiaoyouchayi,jieyijianbie。

  【wuweizi】zhongpibiaopixibaoweiyilieshixibao,zhangfangxingjingxiangyanzhang,jinmizhengqipailie,zhang70μm,kuan25~35μm,zhongpibiaopixiaxibaowei5~6lieshixibao。zhangyuanxinghuolengxing,zhang70~130μm,kuan30~80μm,baoqiangyouduoshuwenkong,shixibaojunqiangmuhua。zhongpibiaopishixibaobiaomianchengduojiaoxing,bihou,wenkongbumingxian。

  【南五味子】种皮表皮石细胞为一列长方形,长50μm,宽20~30mμ,细胞壁外壁无突起种子表面不光滑;种皮表皮下石细胞长圆形或类圆形,长50~120μm,宽50~60mμ,细胞壁较厚;壁孔及孔沟明显。

南五味子南五味子



 5、化学成分的区别

  guanyuwuweizidehuaxuechengfendeyanjiubaodaohenduo,fenlidedao40duogehuahewu。zhuyaoweimuzhisu,qizhonglianbenhuanxinximuzhisu41ge,2.3yierjiajiyi1.4yierfangjidingwanmuzhisu1ge。nanwuweizi(huazhongwuweizideguoshi)zhongfenlidaolianbenhuanxinximuzhisu21ge,4yifangjisiqingnaimuzhisu1ge,2.3yierjiajiyi1.4yierfangjidingwanmuzhisu3ge,siqingfunanmuzhisu3geji10gesantie。qizhonglianggezhongjunfenlidaodemuzhisuhuahewu9ge,fenbieweiepigomisin o,tigloylgomisin p,angeloyl gomisin p,schisantherin a(wuweizizhijia)、schisantherin b(wuweizizhiyi)、schisantherin d(wuweizizhiwu)、deoxyschizandrin(wuweizijiasu)、schisanhenol(wuweizifen)heisoschzandrin。lengwenquandengyonghplcfaduizhaowuweizihenanwuweizi*xuechengfendetezhengfeng、baoliushijianhefengshulaijianbieerzhe。zhouyingdengtongguohplcfangfacedingbutongchandiwuweizihenanwuweizizhong8zhongzhuyaomuzhisudehanliang,dechubutongchandidewuweizi8zhongmuzhisudehanlianghenjiejin。fengxingshifenxiangsi,ernanwuweizibutongchandimuzhisuhanliangchabiehendachao。kejian,diyuduinanwuweizizhongyouxiaochengfendehanliangyingxianghenda,zhiliangkongzhijishixianyaocaidedaodixingfeichangyoubiyao。

6、理化性质

  bocengcengxi

  dingxingfenbiequnan、beiwuweizi1g,jialvfanghuiliutiqu,dingrongzhi5mlrongliangpingzhidegongshipin。yuwuweizijiasu、yisuzhidededuizhaoyedianyugaoxiaoguijiaogf254banshang,yishiyoumi(60~90℃)-7,suanyikuyijiasuan(15:5:1)shangcengrongyelomljiashiyoumi(60~90℃)6mlzhanju8cm,zaiziwaideng254nmxiaguanchayingguangcuimiedian。jieguoxianshi,nan、beiwuweizijunhanwuweizijiasubandian,beiwuweizizhongyouwuweiziyisubandian,ernanwuweizibocengtupuzhongwuwuweiziyisubandian。

  dingliangbocengsaomiaofaduishangshugongshipinjinxingdingliangfenxi,jieguobiaoming,beiwuweizizhongwuweizijiasu0.1%、yisu0.3%,nanwuweizizhongwuweizijiasuhanlianggaoda0.5%,buhanwuweiziyisu。

金鹰全天飞艇计划  hongwaiguangpunan、beiwuweizijingfensui,guoshai,qu1.5g,fenbieyongshiyoumi,yimi,shuitiqu,dedaoshiyoumi、yimiheshuitiquwu,kbrchuangpiantucengfazhiyang,yonghongwaiguangpuyiceding,jieguoxianshi,erzhedeguangpulunkuotezhengfeichangxiangsi,chayimingxian,mouxiefengdexiangduiqiangduyoubianhuawai,chuxianjigexindexishoufeng。

  ziwaixishouguangpu、erjiedaoshuguangpuheyingguangguangpujishunan、beiwuweizifenmofenbieyongjixingrongjihefeijixingrongjitiqu,zhideyangpinye。fenbiecedingziwailingjie,erjiedaoshuguangpuheyingguangguangpu。jieguobiaoming,nan、beiwuweizijixingrongjitiquwujuyouzhiguanqueqiedejianbietezheng;feijixingrongjitiquwuguangpu,zhiyouyingguangfasheguangpujujianbieyiyi。

 7、药理作用的区别

  wuweizihenanwuweizide7zhongzhuyaomuzhisujunzaibutongchengdushangjuyoubaoganjiangmeizuoyong,erwuweizideyouxiaochengfenchunjiahaijuyouguangfanzhongshuyizhizuoyong,bingqieyouandingyaodezuoyongtedian。congyaolizhenkezuoyongbijiao,zhengmingnanwuweiziquegaoyuwuweizikou。

 8、小结

  wuweizihehuazhongwuweizijunxiwuweizikewuweizishuzhiwu,congxingtaishang,junweimuzhitengben。zaiminjian,huazhongwuweizizuoweiwuweizidedaiyongpin,yongzuozibuqiangzhuangyao。jianyuzheiliangzhongshengyaozhuyaohuaxuechengfenhanliangdechayi,2000nianbanyaodianjiangwuweizihehuazhongwuweizidechengshuganzaoguoshifenbieshouzaiweiwuweizihenanwuweizi,dangongnengzhuzhifangmianrengyizhi,haixujinyibuyanjiu。yaodianzhongnan、beiwuweizidebocengjianbiefangfaxiangtong,junyiwuweizijiasuweiduizhaoziwaideng(254nm)xiaguanchabandian。yinerzhejunhanyouwuweizijiasu,qierouyanwufaqufenqihanliangdechabie,gubunengyicifaqufennan、beiwuweizi。hongwaiguangpufazhuyaoduiyuguannengtuandejianbieyijitongguozhiwenqujianbiehuahewushihenyouyiyide,danqizhongfengdexiangduiqiangdushouxuduowaiyindeyingxiang。yonghplcfangfayiyuqufenliangzhe,yinweiwuweizihenanwuweizigezidetezhengxingchengfenhanliangyoumingxianchayi,sepufengdezhiwentezhengmingxian。zhideyitideshi,butongchandidetongyizhongzhiwuqihuaxuechengfenhanliangbutong,shenzhihuaxuechengfendezuchengyebujinxiangtong,suoyijinhouketongguohplcduibutongchandidewuweizihenanwuweizideyouxiaohuaxuechengfenjinxingdingliangfenxi,yiquedingdaodiyaocai。

南五味子的食用方法编辑本段回目录

  1.jiang500kewuweizihe500kelongyanroujiashuijianzhuliangci,meici1xiaoshi,jiangliangcidejianyehebing、quzha,jia500kefengmi,yongmanhuoaochenggaozhuang,meici1tangchi, meiri2~3ci。kezhiqixuebuzu、shimianduomeng、touhunxinji。

金鹰全天飞艇计划  2.wuweizizhou:jiangdami、wuweiziyiqiwenhuoaozhi。wuweizikeyiyanggan、bushen,damiyoubaogan、huweidezuoyong,jiuhoujinshinenggoujianshaodaliangjiujingduigandesunhai。

  3.jiang3~5kewuweiziwenhuochaozhiweijiaohou,yushilianglvchahefengmiyiqiyongfeishuichongpao 5fenzhong,zhichengwuweizicha,changyinkezhenfenjingshen,bushenyigan。

金鹰全天飞艇计划  4.wuweiziyiliang、beiqiyiliang、nanbeixinggewuqian、paigubanjin、mizaowuli,yongqingshuishierwanbaoliangxiaoshi,buyiwuzang、yanhuanshuailao。

  5.wuweizixiyangcancha5.wuweizi5ke、xiyangcan2ke,kaishuijinpaodaichayin,changyinkezhilaonianrenyinxunei re、kouzaoyangan。

金鹰全天飞艇计划  6.wuweiziniangchengfengmiyongliangmeici15-30ke,meirisanci,fangruwenkaishuihuolengshuizhong chongfu,yekeyizhijieshiyong,qidaomeirong、baojian、runchangzuoyong。

  7.wuweizi6ke,fuling、tusizige9ke,shuijianquzha,jiafengmi,yirifen2~3cifu。kezhishenjingshuairuo、xinjibumian。

金鹰全天飞艇计划  8.wuweizi100keshuijiandaicha,pinpinyinyong,meiri1ji。anshendingzhi,diaojieganshen,zhuzhigengnianqizonghezheng,yemianbuning,luanmengfenfan,jizaojianwangdengzhengzhuang,yibanfu15tianzuoyoujianxiao,kelianfu30―60tian。

南五味子的禁忌编辑本段回目录

    1、waiyoubiaoxie,neiyoushire,huokesouchuqi、shazhenchufazhejifu。

金鹰全天飞艇计划  2、《bencaozheng》:ganhanchusoudangji,kongqilianshubusan。ganwangtunsuandangji,kongqizhumushangtu。

金鹰全天飞艇计划  3、《bencaojingshu》:shazhenchufajiyiqietingyin,ganjiayoudongqi,feijiayoushire,yingyongxierezhe,jiejinyong。

金鹰全天飞艇计划  4、buliangfanyingjizhiliao:wuweiziwumingxianduxing,gebiebingrenfuyaohouyoushaozhuo,fansuanji。jinqibaodao,jianfuwuweiziyinqidouxingxinsu1li,weixinhuangqiduan,xiongbubiemen,xindiantushidouxingxindongguosu,bandingxingzaobo,jingjijiuhouhuanjie。lingwai1lijianfuzhihuxiyizhi。

南五味子图片编辑本段回目录

    
  

南五味子南五味子

  

南五味子南五味子

  

南五味子2南五味子2

  

南五味子3南五味子3


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