金鹰全天飞艇计划

中药一号网 >>所属分类 >> 根茎类中药材    解表类中药材   

细辛

编辑词条

  中药材细辛为马兜铃科植物北细辛、汉城细辛或华细辛的干燥全草。主治:祛风,散寒,行水,开窍。治风冷头痛,鼻渊,齿痛,痰饮咳逆,风湿痹痛。

目录

细辛的功效与作用编辑本段回目录

细辛的功效:

  性味 辛,温。

  《benjing》:"weixin,wen。"

  《wupubencao》:"shennong、huangdi、leigong、tongjun:xin,xiaowen;qibo:wudu;lishi:xiaohan。"

  《yaoxinglun》:"weikuxin。"

  《yongyaoxinfa》:"xin,re。"

   归经 入肺、肾经。

  《tangyebencao》:"shoushaoyinyinjingyao。"

  《leigongpaozhiyaoxingjie》:"ruxin、gan、dan、paisijing。"

  《bencaojingshu》:"rushoushaoyin、taiyang。"

  《bencaohuiyan》:"ruzujueyin、shaoyinxuefen。"

金鹰全天飞艇计划  【gongxiaozhuzhi】 qufeng,sanhan,xingshui,kaiqiao。zhifenglengtoutong,biyuan,chitong,tanyinkeni,fengshibitong。

金鹰全天飞艇计划  《benjing》:"zhukeni,toutongnaodong,baijiejuluan,fengshibitong,siji。mingmu,lijiuqiao。"

金鹰全天飞艇计划  《bielu》:"wenzhongxiaqi,potan,lishuidao,kaixiongzhong,chuhoubi,?bi,fengxiandianji,xiarujie。hanbuchu,xuebuxing,anwuzang,yigandan,tongjingqi。"

  taohongjing:"huankouchouzhe,hanzhiduoxiao,zuinengchutanmingmu。"

  《yaoxinglun》:"zhikenishangqi,efeng,fengtou,shouzujuji,anwuzangliufu,tiandanqi,qupifengshixiang,nengzhiyanfengleixia,mingmu,kaixiongzhongzhi,chuchitong,zhuxuebi,furenxueliyaotong。"

  《rihuazibencao》:"zhike,xiaosijichuangrou,xiongzhongjieju。"

  《bencaoyanyi》:"zhitoumianfengtong。"

  《zhenzhunang》:"zhushaoyinkutoutong。’

金鹰全天飞艇计划  《gangmu》:"zhikousheshengchuang,dabianzaojie,qimuzhongdaojie。"

  《bencaotongxuan》:"zhufenghanshitouteng,tanxieqiyong。"

  《本经逢原》:"主痰结湿火,鼻塞不利。"

细辛细辛


 

细辛的作用:

  1、镇痛

  qihuifayouduijiatuyouzhentongzuoyong,qizhentongqiangduyuantipilin0.5mg/kgxiangdang。shuijianjiguanweiduixiaoshuyeyouzhentongzuoyong。

   2、解热

  qihuifayouguanweiduijiatuderengongfareyoujierezuoyong,bingnengshidongwudezhengchangtiwenjiangzhizhengchangyixia。

  3、局部麻醉

  huaxixinshuijianjinengzuzhichanchuzuogushenjingdechongdongchuandao,qimazuixiaoguoyul%pulukayinjiejin。xixinhuifayouduitujiaomofanshejuyoubiaomianmazuizuoyong。huifayouyoujinrunmazuixiaoli,danshuijianjiwuxiao。50%xixindingduirenshenianmoyeyoujubumazuizuoyong。

  4、镇静

金鹰全天飞艇计划  huifayoutunshufuqiangzhusheyoumingxiandezhongshuyizhixiaoguo,xiaojiliangkeshidongwuanjing,dajiliangkeshidongwushuimian。qizhongshuzuoyongyubabituoleixiangsi,bingyoukangjingjuezuoyong。

  5、抗炎

金鹰全天飞艇计划  huaxixinduidashujiaquanxingjidanqingxingguanjiezhongzhangyouyidingdeyizhizuoyong。xixinhuifayounengduikangxiaoshuerzhongzhanghedashuguanjiezhongzhang。xixinhuifayounengyizhidashurouyazhong,huaxixinhuifayounengxianzhuyizhidashuxueqingxin。xixinkangyanzuoyongdejizhiwei:

  (1)zengqiangshenshangxianpizhigongneng。

  (2)yizhiyanzhengjiezhishifang。

  (3)yizhijiedizuzhizengsheng。

  (4)juyoujiaoqiangdeqingchuchaoyangziyoujidenengli。xixinnengyizhishuganyunjiangzhizhiguoyanghua,duichaoyangziyoujiyoufadetoumingzhisuanheniuguanjieyezhonganjiduotangjuyoubaohuxiaoying。

  6、兴奋心脏

金鹰全天飞艇计划  huifayouduilitiwaxin,xiaojiliangshichengxingfenzuoyong。beixixinchuntiyeduilitituxinyoumingxiandexingfenxiaoguo,keshilititunshuxinzangguanmailiuliangzengjia。xixinhuifayouduixiaoshujixingxinjiquexue、diyaqueyangdengjunyoubaohugongxiao。

  keshigouzuoshibengxuegongnenghexinjishousuoxingmingxiangaishan。yuqujiawuyaojian、yibingjishenshangxiansujibenxiangsi。

  7、扩张血管和对血压的影响

  挥发油对蟾蜍内脏血管灌流显示有扩张作用。细辛乙酸乙酯的可溶部分,对5一羟色胺、氯化钾、组胺所致的兔胸大动脉条的收缩有明显的抑制作用。其活性成分为木脂素。挥发油对麻醉犬和猫静注有降压作用,但水煎剂对猫静注有明显的升压作用。
  8、免疫抑制

金鹰全天飞艇计划  shuijianjiduixiaoshudexibaomianyihetiyemianyijunyoumingxiandeyizhizuoyong。yuxiaoshujizhuqinghuakedesongsuozhidemianyiyizhizuoyongxiangsi。

金鹰全天飞艇计划  shuijianjijinengyizhixiaoshuthxibao,younengzengjiatsxibaoshu,congershith/tsxibaobizhijiangdi。nengshixiaoshuxiaqiunaohexuejiangzhongp_neifeitaihanliangdiyuzhengchangduizhaozu,yuqinghuakedesongzuoyongxiangsi。jizhiyuqiduitlinbaxibaoyaqunfenbujiβ-neifeitaichanshengdeyingxiangyouguan。

  9、抗过敏、抗变态反应

金鹰全天飞艇计划  shuitiwunengshisufaxingbiantaifanyingzongguominjiezhishifangliangjianshao40%yishang,biaomingxixinjuyoukangbiantaifanyinggongxiao。juyouyizhiguominfanyingdeyifaxiandexixinchengfenyoujiajidingxiangfen、γ-xixinmi、(yi)xixinsu、zhimasu4zhong,kenengshangyouweifaxiandekangguominhuoxingchengfen。

  10、镇咳平喘

金鹰全天飞艇计划  huifayouyouzhenkegongxiao。xixinhuifayou、jiajidingxiangyoufen、xiaoxuanqujiawuyaojianjunnengshuzhangzhiqiguanpinghuajieryoupingchuanzuoyong。huaxixinchunjinjitujingzhunengduikangmafeisuozhidehuxiyizhi。

  11、解痉

  huifayouduitudelitizigong、changguan,dinongdushizhanglixianzengjiahouxiajiang,gaonongduzeyizhi;duizuansuozhidelitihuichangjingluanxingshousuoyousongchizuoyong;duidashulitizigongchengyizhizuoyong。

  12、提高新陈代谢

  suohanzhixiaoxuanqujiawuyaojianjuyoushenshangxiannengβshoutixingfenjiyangdeguangfandeshenglizuoyong,youqiangxin、kuozhangxueguan、songchipinghuaji、zengqiangzhizhidaixieheshenggaoxuetangdengduofangmiangongxiao。hanyouqujiawuyaojiandezhongyaoshangyoufuzi、wuzhuyu、wuyao、gaoliangjiangdeng,tamenjuyougongtongdetedian,doushinengquhanderexingdeyao。qiyinqineiredejizhi,qujiawuyaojiankenengjiushiqiwuzhijichu,qiqiangxin、kuozhangxueguan、zengqiangzhizhidaixiekenengjiushiqiyaolijichu。

  13、抗菌

金鹰全天飞艇计划  chunjinji、huifayoudengduiduozhonggelanyangxingjun、duozhongganjunheduozhongzhenjunyouyizhizuoyong。qiyouxiaochengfenweihuangzhangmi。

  14、抗肾炎

  xixinzhisufuqiangzhushekeyizhidashushensunshangniaodanbaidepaixie,gaishanxueqingshenghuaxuezhibiao,juyoukangshenyanzuoyong。

  15、抗结节

  xixinzhisukezuoweichuchongjuzengxiaoji,qizuoxuantihaijuyoukangjiejiezuoyong。

细辛用药禁忌编辑本段回目录

禁忌

  qixuduohan,xuexutoutong,yinxukesoudengjifu,fanlilu。

  《本草经疏》:凡病内热及火生炎上,上盛下虚,气虚 有汗,血虚头痛,阴虚咳嗽,法皆禁用。
  《得配本草》:风热阴虚禁用。
  《本草别说》:细辛,若单用末,不可过半钱匕,多即气闷塞,不通者死。
  《注解伤寒论》:水停心下而不行,则肾气燥。


副作用

  毒性成分:黄樟醚。
  ①细辛对肾脏有一定毒性,肾功能不全者应慎用。
  ②细辛每日用量超过20g→口唇、舌尖、趾指发麻感,停药后可以恢复。

  (yi)chuantongwenxian

  《bencaogangmu》:wudu。youjizai“ruodanyongmo,bukeguoyiqian(3g)。duozeqimensaibutongzhesi”。

  (er)dulishiyan

金鹰全天飞艇计划  ld50:shuijianjixiaoshuguanfudeld50weil2.875g/kg。xixinhuifayouxiaoshufuqiangzhushedeld50wei0.247g/kg。

  duxingfanying:quankoufuxixinshuijianji0.75g,jifashengoutu,duiquandezhisiliang,pixiazhushehekoufujunweilg/kg。xixinjinchuyededuxingdayushuijianji。xixinhuifayouduiwa、tu、xiaoshu,junchengxianxingfen、houyizhi,shisuiyiyundonghehuxijianman,fanshexiaoshi,zuihouhuximabiersiwang。

  (san)linchuangguancha

  youxiaodu。zaichangguijiliangneishuijianfumeiyoubushifanying。 jiliangguodayouexinfanying,huifayouzhongzhihuangzhangmiyouganshenduxing,bingshizhiaiwuzhi。buyizhangqifuyonghuodajiliangfuyong,yebuyizhichengzhongchengyaozhangqifuyong。

细辛临床常用药对编辑本段回目录

金鹰全天飞艇计划  xixinweimadoulingkezhiwubeixixin、hanchengxixinhuohuaxixindeganzaoquancao。yaoxingxin,wen,youxiaodu。guifei、shen、xinjing。nengjiebiaosanhan,qufengzhitong,tongqiao,wenfeihuayin。linchuangyingyongchangjianyaoduiruxia:

  细辛―麻黄

金鹰全天飞艇计划  xixinxinwenfasan,fangxiangtouda,zhangyujiebiaosanhan,qufengzhitong;mahuangnengfahan、pingchuan,guifei、bangguangjing,weifahanjiebiaodiyiyaoyao,pingchuanlishuizuoyongqiang。eryaowuyong,jiaqianglejiebiaosanhanzhili,feizhongtanyin、chuankekeping。《neijing》yue:“hanyinyunei,zhiyiganre,zuoyikuxin,yixixinrunzhi。mahuangzhigan,yijieshaoyinzhihan;xixin、fuzizhixin,yiwenshaoyinzhijing。” xixinpeimahuang,zuizaojianyu《shanghanlun》mahuangfuzixixintang。

  细辛―川芎

  川芎辛温,气香升散,有较强的活血行气、祛风止痛作用。《本经》谓其“主中风入脑头痛。”川芎祛风止痛,为治诸经头痛之要药,尤善治少阳、厥阴经头痛。细辛外可解表散寒,内可温肺化饮,上疏头风,下通肾气,善于通利耳鼻诸窍、散寒止痛,为治少阴头痛之要药。两药配伍使用,能上行头目,增强其祛风止痛作用,常用于外感风邪所致之头痛。
  细辛―白芷

金鹰全天飞艇计划  baizhixin、wen,guifei、weijing,nengqufeng,zaoshi,xiaozhong,zhitong。eryaojunshanjiebiaoqufeng、tongqiaozhitong,xinxiangshanzoucuan,tongjingliqiang。xixinpianyurushenjingquzhufenghan,rufeiwenhuatanyin,shanzhishaoyintoutong,baizhipianyuruweijingfasanfenghan,shanzhiyangmingtoutong。eryaoxiangxuweiyong,jiebiaotongqiao、zhitongxiaolizengqiang,weiqufeng、zhitong、tongbiqiaochangyongduiyao。

  细辛―辛夷

  xinyixin、wen,guifei、weijing,shanxuantongbiqiao。xixinsanhanhuayin,shanxingnengtongjiuqiao,zhangyutongbiqiao,zhitongliqiang。xinyijiebiaoliruo,nengfuzuoxixinfasanbiaoxie,eryaopeiwu,jiebiaolijiaqiang,tongbiqiaoxiaolidazeng。xixinpeixinyi,jianyu《zhengzhizhunsheng》chuanxiongsan。

  细辛―独活

金鹰全天飞艇计划  duhuoxin、ku、wen,sanhanzaoshi,wenjingtongbi,rushenjing,zuoyongzailizaixia,zhitongxiaoguomingxian。xixinfasanfenghan,shanzhitoumianbuzhufengzhiji,keyinshaoyinzhihandayujibiao。eryaopeiwu,xiangxuweiyong,yishangyixia,duhuodexixinzhisheng,nengqutoumianfenghan,xixinkezhuduhuoyinshenjingfenghanershizhiwaisan。gongzousanhanchushi、tongbizhitongzhigong。xixinpeiduhuo,jianyu《zhengyinmaizhi》duhuoxixintang。

  细辛―附子

  fuzixin、gan、re,youdu,guixin、pi、weijing,zhangyuwensanlihan,xixinzhangyushusanbiaohan,zhitong。eryaopeiwu,biaolijiangu,yangfubiaojie,zaineizhihanfuziwenzhi,xixinzhuzhi;zaiwaizhihanxixinshuzhi,fuzifuzhi,gongtongjiaqiangwenyangjiebiao、sanhanzhitongdegongxiao。《bencaohuiyan》jizai:“xixin,zuofuzinengsanzhujizhileng。”xixinpeifuzi,jianyu《shanghanlun》mahuangfuzixixintang。

  细辛―干姜

金鹰全天飞艇计划  ganjiangxin、re,guipi、wei、feijing。eryaojunyouwenfeihuayin、zhitongzuoyong。ganjiangzhangyuwenfeisanhan,shouerbuzou。xixinzhangyuhuayin、zhitong、zoucuanjiebiao。eryaopeiwuxiangxuweiyong,wenfeisanhan,huayinzhitongxiaolizengqiang。《bencaohuiyan》jizai:“xixin,zuojiang、guinengquzangfuzhihan。”xixinpeiganjiang,jianyu《shanghanlun》xiaoqinglongtang。

  细辛―熟地黄

  细辛温通辛散,发散风寒,祛风止痛,温肺化饮,为少阴经药。熟地黄甘温,补血生津,滋养肝肾。细辛之辛散能去熟地黄之呆腻,使之补而不滞;熟地黄之滋腻可制细辛之燥散,使之散而无过。二药伍用,一守一走,润燥并用,补散兼施,互制其短而展其长,具有补肾强腰、祛寒止痛之妙用。 细辛、熟地黄伍用,临床主要用于阴虚痛证。
  细辛―石膏

金鹰全天飞艇计划  shigaoqiweihanliang,youqingxieyangmingweihuozhigong。xixinqiweixiangcuan,qiqingerbuzhuo,xinsanliqiao,youjiaohaodetongluozhitongzhigong。eryaowuyong,xixinsuixingwen,danbeishigaozhihanliangsuoyizhi,xixinzhishengfuyoukeyinshigaoshangxingerqingtoumianzhire。eryaohanrexiangpei,gequqiyong,jinengqingrexiehuo,younengqufengzhitong,qieerzhejiexinsan,you“huoyusanzhi”zhiyierwuexiezhibi。shigao、xixinerweidouju“xin”wei,gu《yangyidaquan》ming“erxinjian”yongzhiyangmingweihuo、yayinkoushezhongtongdengzheng。

  细辛―黄连

  huangliandakudahan,qingxieweihuo;xixinxuansan,shangxingzhitong,eryaoheyong,xinkugongshi,hanrejingjin,xinyisanhuo,kuyijiangxie,xixinyinhuangliandashaoyinshenjing,huanglianyinxixindashaoyinxinjing,heyongqingxuanxinshenyuhuo。

  细辛―五味子

金鹰全天飞艇计划  wuweizisuanseshoulian,lianfeizishen,shengjinlianhan,sejingzhixie;xixinxinsanwentong,wenfeihuayin,fasanfenghan,qufengzhiyang。xixinxinsankaifei,wuweizisuanshoulianfei,erzheyikaiyihe,kaiwuhaosanfeiqizhibi,hewulianexieqizhiyu,weikaihelifeizhimiaoji,zhikedingchuanzhixiaoyouweixianzhu。linzhengjutiyingyongshi,yongliangyinglinghuozhangwo,kesouchuqi,yikaixuanweizhu,duoyongxixin;jiukezhihou,yilianfeiqiweiyao,duoyongwuweizi。xixinpeiwuweizi,jianyu《jinkuiyaolve》lingganwuweijiangxintang。

  细辛―皂荚

金鹰全天飞艇计划  zaojiaxinsanzoucuan,shanhuajiaonianzhitan,kaifengtanzhibisai。xixinxinxiangxuansan,shankaijieqi、xuanyuzhi、liqikaiqiao。eryaoxiangwu,xiangfuxiangcheng,gongzouxuanfeiqi、huatanxian、kaiqingqiaozhigong。zaojia、xixinheyong,mingyuetongguansan,chuzi《danxixinfa》,yongzhizhongekewu、zhongfenghuotanjuesuozhidezurankoujinqisai、renshibusheng、yaguanjinbi、kouliutandandengzheng。yongshijiangzaojia、xixindengfenjiximo,chuishaoxurubi,xuanjidetierbikaishenqing。xianzaiyeyouyongcieryaohefengmizhichengtongbiantiao,sairugangmen,tongguocijichangbiercujinpaibian,yongzhibianmihuodonglixingchanggengzu。

  细辛―甘草

  gancaoweigan,xingping,neng“jiebaidueryouxiao,xiezhuyaoerwuzheng”(《ganzhujing》),《yaoxinglun》weizhi“guolao”。《bencaozheng》yue“duyaodezhijieqidu,gangyaodezhiheqixing,biaoyaodezhizhuqiwai,xiayaodezhihuanqisu。”gancaoweizhongyaozhizhu,jingfangshaobuyongzhe,gancaoshilinchuangzuichangyongdediaoheyaoxinghejieduyaowu。xixinweixiaoduzhipin,meiyugancaopeiwu,xiangzhiweiyong,keyijiandihuoxiaochuxixindeduxinghuofuzuoyong。

细辛图片编辑本段回目录

      
  

细辛细辛

  

细辛细辛

  

细辛细辛

  

细辛细辛

  

细辛细辛

  

细辛细辛

附件列表


→如果您认为本词条还有待完善,请 编辑词条

下一篇枳实

声明:中药一号网登载此文出于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其描述。 文章内容仅供参考,切勿模仿及使用,具体治疗及选购请咨询医生或相关专业人士,中药一号网将不会对可能引起的任何损失负责!

词条信息

中药大全
中药大全
圣贤
词条创建者 发短消息   
admin
admin
超级管理员
最近编辑者 发短消息   

相关词条