金鹰全天飞艇计划

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炒升麻

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炒升麻

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升麻介绍编辑本段回目录

  「拼音」Shēng Má

  「英文名」RHIZOMA CIMICIFUGAE

  「拉丁文名 」Cimicifuga heracleifolia Kom.

  「别名金鹰全天飞艇计划」莽牛卡架、龙眼根、窟窿牙根、周升麻、周麻、鸡骨升麻、鬼脸升麻等。

  「来源」本品为毛茛科植物大三叶升麻Cimicifuga heracleifolia Kom. 、兴安升麻Cimicifuga dahurica (Turcz.)Maxim . 或升麻Cimicifuga foetida L. 的干燥根茎。秋季采挖,除去泥沙,晒至须根干时,燎去或除去须根,晒干。

  「性状」本品为不规则的长形块状,多分枝,呈结节状,长10~20cm,直径2~4cm。表面黑褐色或棕褐色,粗糙不平,有坚硬的细须根残留,上面有数个圆形空洞的茎基痕,洞内壁显网状沟纹;下面凹凸不平,具须根痕。体轻,质坚硬,不易折断,断面不平坦,有裂隙,纤维性,黄绿色或淡黄白色。气微,味微苦而涩。
炒升麻

  「炮制

金鹰全天飞艇计划   gudaipaozhifangfa:

金鹰全天飞艇计划   jindaiyouzhizhi、mijian《zhouhou》defangfa。liusongshidaiyouhuangjingzhizhi《leigong》fa。

金鹰全天飞艇计划   songdaiyouduantan《zonglu》、beizhi(《puben》)、jiuchao《zhushi》)dengfangfa。

金鹰全天飞艇计划   mingdaizengjialechaozhi(《pujifang》)、yanshuichao(《jingyue》)、cubanchao(《dafa》)。

  qingdaiyouzengjialemichao(《bencaoshu》)、tuchao(《jinjian》)、zhengzhi(《qiuzhen》)。chaohei、jiangzhibanchao(《zhicai》)dengpaozhifangfa,bingtichubuzhongjiuchao,zhikehanmichao(《bencaoshu》)delilun。

  1.jianquzazhi,lvepaoxijing,laochu,runtou,qiepian,shaigan。

  2.mizhi:qulianmiyongshiliangkaishuixishihou,jiarushengmapian,banyun,mentou,zhiguonei,yongwenhuojiare,chaozhibuzhanshoushi,quchufangliang,meishengma100kg,yonglianmi25kg。

  3.qushengmapianzhiguonei,yongwuhuojiare,chaozhibiaomianjiaoheise,neibuzonghese,penlinqingshuishaoxu,miejinhuoxing,quchushaigan。

  4.chaozhi:qushengmapian,yongwenhuochaozhiweijiaohuojiaohuang。

  5.fuzhi:xianjiangguoshaore,jiarumaifuyushengmapian,chaozhiweihuangse,shaiqumaifu,meishengma10kg,yongmaifu1.5kg。《leigongpaozhilun》:caidele,daoguashangcupiyizhong,yonghuangjingziranzhijinyisu,chu,pugan,xicuo,zheng,baoganyongzhi。

  「用法用量金鹰全天飞艇计划」内服:煎汤,0.5~3钱;或入丸、散。外用:研末调敷,煎水含漱或淋洗。

  「注意金鹰全天飞艇计划」上盛下虚,阴虚火旺及麻疹已透者忌服。

  ①《bencaojingshu》:"fantuxuebinv,kesouduotan,yinxuhuodong,shenjingbuzu,jiqinioutu,jingjizhengchong,diankuangdengbing,faxianjizhi。"

  ②《depeibencao》:"shanghanchubingtaiyang,douzhenjianbiao,xiayuanbuzu,yinxuhuoyan,sizhejinyong。"


功效与作用编辑本段回目录

  「性味」辛、微甘,微寒。

  「归经」归肺、脾、胃、大肠经。

  「功能主治」发表透疹,清热解毒,升举阳气。用于风热头痛,齿痛,口疮,咽喉肿痛,麻疹不透,阳毒发斑;脱肛,子宫脱垂。摘录《国内药典》

  「应用选择

  升麻古代炮制方法有蜜制、炒制、炙制、盐制、醋制、姜制、制炭、蒸制、药汁制等。现代沿用炒制和蜜制二种,临床上以生用为多。生升麻以升散解表,透疹清热力胜。炒制和蜜制后,缓和辛散之性,并减少其对胃的刺激性,有升脾阳之功,用于中气虚弱之症。
炒升麻

  1.shengyong

金鹰全天飞艇计划   (1)mazhenchuqi:changyubaishaoyao、gancao(zhi)、gegentongyong,juyoujiejitouzhendezuoyong,yongyuganshoushiqiwenyi,toutongfare,zhitifantong,mazhenchuqi,faerbutou,rushengmagegentang(《jufang》)。

金鹰全天飞艇计划   (2)yanhouzhongtong:changyujiegeng、gegen、shenggancaodengtongyong,juyouqingyanjiedudezuoyong,yongyugeshangyongdu,kousheshengchuang,yanhouzhongtong,rushengmasan(《jishengfang》);ruoyuchaoniubangzi、xuancan、chaojiegengdengtongyong,yongyuxiaoeryanhouzhongtong,runiubangzitang(《zhunsheng》);ruoyudahuang、shegan、xuancandengtongyong,yongyuyanhouzhongtong,reduzaifeipi,shangjiaoyongzhi,xinshenfanre,rushengmawan(《shenghuifang》)。

  (3)fengretoutong:changyucangshu、gange、gancao、xianheyetongyong,juyoushufengqingredezuoyong,yongyuwaiganyangmingjingtoutong,eqianzuotong,xinfanpiman,ruqingzhentang(《zhengyinmaizhi》);ruoyushengdi、huanglian、danpidengtongyong,zengqiangqingrejieduzuoyong,yongyuweizhongjire,shangxiayatongbukeren,qianyintoutong,xianyongyusanchashenjingtong,kouqiangyan,yazhouyan,ruqingweisan(《piweilun》);ruoyubaizhi、gegen、shigaodengtongyong,yongyuyangmingjingtoufengtoutong,shenrekouke,rushengmazhigetang(《yaohan》)。

  (4)yongzhong、chuangdu:changyuloulu、mangxiao、zhizidengtongyong,juyouqingrejieduxiaozhongdezuoyong,yongyudandu,chuangzhongretong,rushengmajietang(《qianjin》);ruoyujinyinhua、lianqiao、fangfengdengtongyong,yongyuhuangshuichuang,rushengmaxiaoduyin(《jinjian》);ruoyujiegeng、yiyiren、mudanpidengtongyong,yongyufeiyongtuonongxuezuochouqi,xiongrujietong,rushengmatang(《benshifang》)。

  2.mizhihuochaoyong

  qixuxiaxianchangyurencan、huangqi(zhi)、baishu(chao)、zhigancaotongyong,juyouyiqishengyangjuxiandezuoyong,yongyuqixuxiaxian、xuebengxuetuo、wangyangchuiwei,rujuyuanjian(《jingyue》);ruoyuhuangqi、rencan、chaihudengtongyong,yongyupiweixuruo,zhongqixiaxian,wanfuchuizhang,jiuxiejiuli,tuogang,funvbengdai,zigongtuochui,rubuzhongyiqitang(《piweilun》),fangzhongshengmayiyongmizhizheweihao,xianyongyuzigongxiachui,weixiachuihuoqitaneizangxiachui。

  「复方

  1.zhishanghan,wenyi,fengrezhuangre,toutong,zhititong,chuangzhenyifaweifa:gange(cuoxi)、shengma、shaoyao、gancao(cuo,zhi)gedengfen。shangtongweicumo,meifusiqian,shuiyizhanban,jianzhiyizhan,liangdaxiaoyuzhi,wenfuwushi,(《yanshixiaoerfanglun》shengmagegentang)

  2.zhixiaoerdou、shazhenbuming,faretoutong,shangfengkesou,ruezhasai:shengmawufen,qianhubafen,gangewufen,huangqinyiqian,zhizibafen,chaoniubangziyiqian,gancaosanfen,jiegengwufen,bohewufen,chuanxiongyiqian。yinyongdengxinjianfu。(《diannanbencao》shengmatang)

金鹰全天飞艇计划   3.zhitianxingfabanchuang,toumianjishenxuyuzhouza,zhuangruhuochuang,jiedaibaijiang,suijuesuisheng(bujiliao,juzheshuribisi,liaodechahou,chuangbanzian,misuifangmie,cieduzhiqiye):shuinongzhushengma,zimianxizhi。kujiuzizhumijia,danzaotongnanren。(《zhouhoufang》)

  4.zhileitoufeng,toumiangedazhongtong,zenghanzhuangre,zhuangrushanghan:shengma、cangshugewuqian,heyeyimei。jianfu。(《yifangjijie》qingzhentang,ji《suwenbingjibaomingji》shengmatang)

金鹰全天飞艇计划   5.zhiyanhoubisai,jinyebutong:chuanshengmabanliang,majiziyifen,baifanyifen,mayaxiaoyifen,xuancanyifen。shangyao,daoluoweimo,lianmihewanrulianzida。yongbomianguo,changhanyiwanyanjin。(《shenghuifang》shengmawan)

金鹰全天飞艇计划   6.zhihoubizuotong:shengmapianhanyan,huoyibanliangjianfuqutu。(《renzhaizhizhifang》)

  7.zhiyangduweibing,mianchibanbanrujinwen,yanhoutong,tuonongxue(wurikezhi,qiribukezhi):shengmaerliang,dangguiyiliang,shujiao(chaoquhan)yiliang,gancaoerliang,biejiashouzhidayipian(zhi),xionghuangbanliang(yan)。shangliuwei,yishuisisheng,zhuquyisheng,dunfuzhi。laoxiaozaifuquhan。(《jinkuiyaolve》shengmabiejiatang)

  8.zhikoureshengchuang:shengmasanshizhu,huanglianshibazhu。shangerweimozhi,mianguohan,yanzhi。(《qianjinfang》)

  9.zhiyayinrouzhanyougen,yaganzhongtong,yadongyaoyuluo,yachibuzhang,yahuangkouchou:qianghuoyiliang,caolongdan(jiuxi)yiliangwuqian,yangjingguhuierliang,shengmasiliang。shangweiximo,yishaluoziluoguhui,zuoweichenmo,heyun。woshitiezaiyayinshang。(《lanshimizang》laoyasan)

  10.zhiweirechitong:shengmajiantang,reshuyanzhi。(《renzhaizhizhifang》)

  11.zhijinli:lvseshengma(cuchao)yiqian,lianrou(quxin,chaojiaohuang)sanshimei,rencansanqian。shuiyizhong,jianbanzhongyinzhi,miheweiwangengmiao,meisiqianyifu,baitangtun。(《yixueguangbiji》)

  12.zhixuebeng:shengmawufen,chaihuwufen,chuanxiongyiqian,baizhiyiqian,jingjiesuiliuqian,dangguiliuqian。shuierwan,jianyiwan,shiyuanfu,jizhi,duobuguowu、liufu。(《mobaozhaijiyanfang》)

  13.zhichanhourenwubujin,huojing-yue、bansui,yisui:shengmasanliang。yiqingjiuwusheng,zhuquersheng,quzi,fenzaifu,dangtuxiaewu,wuguai。(《qianjinfang》)

金鹰全天飞艇计划   14.zhixinyoufengre,shengjinyinchuang?ti:shengma、dahuang(cuo,weichao)、huangqin(quheixin)、zhishi(qurang,fuchaolinghuang)、shaoyaogeyiliang,gancao(zhi)、danggui(qie,bei)gebanliang。cudaoshai,meifuwuqianbi,yongshuiyizhanban,rudengxinyiwo,jianzhiyizhan,quzi,kongxinwanshiqianfu。(《shengjizonglu》shengmatang)

金鹰全天飞艇计划   15.zhizuduzhongqi,jitong:shengmakujiumofushangliang。(《buquezhouhoufang》)

  16.zhiyongjushizuo,jianying,piseziyi,ehanzhuangre,yi、erriweichengnongzhe:shengma、lianqiao、dahuang(cuo,chao)、shengdihuang(qie,bei)、muxianggeyiliang,baigu、xuancangesanfen。shangqiwei,cudaoshai。meifuwuqianbi,shuierzhan,jianzhiyizhan,rumangxiaomobanqianbi,quzi,kongxinwenfu,quliweidu,weilizaifu。(《shengjizonglu》shengmatang)

金鹰全天飞艇计划   17.zhifeiyongtunongxue,zuochouqi,xiongrujianjietong:chuanshengma、jiegeng(chao)、yiyiren、diyu、ziqin(guaqupi)、mudanpi、baishaoyaogebanliang,gancaosanfen,shangcuocumo,meifuyiliang,shuiyishengban,jianzhiwuhe,quzi,rier、sanfu。(《benshifang》shengmatang)

  18.zhirebisaoyang:shengmajiantangyin,bingxizhi。(《qianjinfang》)

  「药理作用

金鹰全天飞艇计划   1.kangjunzuoyong:shengmazaishiguanneinengyizhijieheganjundeshengzhang。qibianzhonglvshengmacimicifugafoetidal.var.simplexhuth.deshuijinji(1:4)zaishiguanneiduixulanshihuangxuanjundengpifuzhenjunyoubutongchengdudeyizhizuoyong。

金鹰全天飞艇计划   2.kangyanzuoyong:beishengmaduidashujiaochadengjiaohuoyouxuantanggansuozhijiaozhongzhangjunyouxiaoyanzuoyong,duirusuanhuocusuanyinqideganmenkuiyang,youshiqisuoxiaomianjidequshi。

  3.duixunhuanxitongdezuoyong:shengmashuitiquwuzhusheyudongwuyoujiangya、yizhixinji、jianmanxinlvdezuoyong。

  4.xinganshengmaduidongwudezhongshushenjingxitongyouzhenjingzuoyong;nengjiangdixueya,jiaqiangxintiaozhenfuerbuyingxiangqijielv;songchixiaochangpinghuaji;keyongyuqingxinggaoxueyahuanzhe,nengjiangdixueya、gaishanzhengzhuang。tahainengzengqiangzhiqiguanjixiaohuadaodexiantifenmi。duizigongyoushousuozuoyong,youshiyongyuyuejingbudiao。

  5.jierezuoyong:beishengmatiquwu1-2g/kgguanwei,keshidashuzhengchangtiwenxiajiang,bingduishanghan、fushanghanhunheyimiaosuozhifareyoujierezuoyong。

  6.zhentongzuoyong:beishengmatiquwu1g/kghuo5g/kgjixiaoshuguanwei,nengmingxianyizhicusuansuozhiniutifanying,danduiweiyacijifabuxianshizhentongzuoyong。

金鹰全天飞艇计划   7.duipinghuajidezuoyong:dongwushiyanbiaoming,shengmanengyizhilitichangduanyurenshenzigong,duiweiyunzigongjibangguangzechengxingfenzuoyong。chiamichunduilvhuayixiandanjian,yansuanzuanhuolvhuabeisuozhichangjingluanjunyouyidingdezuoyong,chiamisudezuoyongruoyuchiamichun。

金鹰全天飞艇计划   8.qitazuoyong:beishengmachuntiquwunengyizhizhangnaohuoshideningsuozhidexiaoshujingjue,bingjuyoukangjunjiyizhirenzigongjingaixibaojtc-26zhudezuoyong。lingjushenggaobaixibao,yizhixuexiaobandejujijishifanggongneng。

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